Boasting over 13 million posts #keto is famous amongst instagrammers, the hollywood elite and professional athletes. However, as with all "celebrity" trends, it eventually trickles down to the day to day workaday world.
Thus we've seen the cookbook market flooded with keto recipes, meal prep ideas and more.
So we asked ourselves; what the heck is this keto diet anyways?
All we'd heard through the grapevine is something about bulletproof coffee or something like that...
The actual definition of keto | Ketosis
The definition of keto is: a metabolic state characterized by raised levels of ketone bodies in the body tissues, which is typically pathological in conditions such as diabetes, or may be the consequence of a diet that is very low in carbohydrates.
Makes total sense right?
In layman's terms: When your body eats very little carbohydrates and instead goes for a high fat diet it is forced to burn these fats instead of the carbohydrates for energy. The process is done mainly by the liver which produces these molecules named "ketone bodies" putting your body in a state of ketosis which just means that for energy it is using ketone bodies instead of the usual glucose that comes from eating carbohydrates (hence the name keto).
Once more for the people in the back: Usually you eat carbs which your body turns into glucose and burns for energy.
When you replace carbs with high amounts of fats, your body goes into a state of ketosis which means it burns ketone bodies for energy.
What does a state of ketosis do for me?
Primarily the reason of its fad diet status is that people are losing weight on it when actually reaching a state of ketosis and being able to upkeep it.
Ketosis and ketogenic diets may help with a number of chronic diseases, including metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes and Alzheimer's according to some medical studies.
Are there any side effects?
The most common symptoms aren’t usually super serious. They include: constipation, mild low blood sugar, or indigestion. Much less often, it can lead to kidney stones or too high levels of acid in your body (acidosis).
A popularly discussed side effect when getting on the diet has been dubbed "keto flu," which may include headache, weakness, and irritability; bad breath; and fatigue.
What a lot of people getting on this "diet train" tend to forget is that this particular diet really should be discussed and followed with/by a licensed and competent Doctor. Bloodwork would be great prior to starting and as a monitoring tool to make sure your body is not being harmed.
This diet is not for everyone as it may seem to be on social media. Consult your Doctor prior to starting.
Where did this diet come from?
Believe it or not, this diet originally began in the 1920s to treat childhood epilepsy and is still used today, successfully, for this; heavily monitored by the hospital administering it.
In the mid-1990s Hollywood producer Jim Abrahams, experienced the treatment of his son with this diet and created The Charlie Foundation to promote it.
Since ketosis is also triggered in simple fasting it is obviously going to allow for weight-loss and because of this, the popularity of this diet has skyrocketed making it the number 1 searched for diet online last year!
What can you actually eat?
The glaring difference between keto diets and "low-carb" diets is that you can eat less than 50 grams a day of carbs!
Fruit is mostly a no and you have to watch it with your vegetable intake as well. Hence why a Doctor should be monitoring you to make sure you are not depriving your body of needed vitamins.
You are limited to 100 grams a day, at most, of protein and the rest of what you need to consume is fat; and lots of it.
A classic keto diet consists of:
90% of your calorie intake from fat,
6% from protein
and 4% from carbs.
There are now lots of apps where you can tabulate and make sure you are eating the right stuff, not to mention the countless of online and printed recipes for a successful keto diet.
Meat, fish, eggs, butter, coconut oil, olive oil, high dairy cheeses, heavy cream are some of the staples in this diet. It is definitely not "green".
You'll want to avoid sugars, pasta, breads, honey, maple syrup, fruit juices etc.
Do you #KETO ? Comment below and let us know!